TSP

Project title: Transfer of technology of composite carp culture through demonstrationamong SC/ST women in Boudh and Purulia;

Sponsor: DST, Govt. of India

Duration: (2009-2012)3 years

District

Boudh

Purulia

Block

Kantamal

Kashipore

Grampanchayet

Khatkhatia and Palsaguda

Sonathuli

Area

7.50 ha

5.06 ha

No. of Ponds

5

5

Total no. of SHGs

9

7

Total no of beneficiaries

114

81

Composite carp culture technology was disseminated among the SC/ST women in two tribal dominated districts i.e., Boudh and Purulia. Participatory extension methodology was applied for selection of villages and ponds. Local panchayet members and villagers provided help in the selection of pond and women SHG group in the village. While selecting beneficiaries, preference was given to the landless wage earner belonging to SC/ST community. A total of 195 beneficiaries belonging to 16 women SHG group were incorporated in both the blocks of Boudh and Purulia district. Average number of members in one groupwas 11. Total ten ponds were adopted for demonstration covering 14.56 ha of water bodies. Pre-stocking demonstration was carried out in the adopted villages. Regular contact was maintained with the group for early preparation of pond which include- weed clearance, netting for removal of weed and predatory fishes, manuring etc. Fish seed was procured from OPDC (Orissa Pisciculture Development Corporation) as good quality seed was available from the government hatchery.

On-farm need based skill training and method demonstration was imparted for educating tribal women on all relevant packages of practices with regard to composite carp, viz., weed clearance, predatory fish removal, stocking of carp seed including IMC and exotic carp, fertilization, liming, feeding,sampling, harvesting and disease control measures were given to the participating women farmers. Appropriate technology package for seasonal water bodies was promoted with emphasis on low cost interventions. The project team laid emphasis on low cost management measures in the demonstration process.Information with regard to optimum density, ratio of different species,stocking size, fertilizer source, dosages and frequency of application of both organic and inorganic fertilizers, supplementary feed ingredients, feed ration and method of provision of intermittent liming and fertilizing the pond,combating diseases like EUS, Argulus,intermittent harvesting and stocking etc. were provided to the beneficiaries from time to time. Productivity level in the adopted ponds has gone up by 95% (from 378.79 kg/ha to to 795.98 kg/ha) as compared to pre-adoption level in Kantamal block in Boudh. The success of the project has motivated large number of non-beneficiaries to practice composite carp culture as a means of securing livelihood