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REGIONAL RESEARCH CENTER
ICAR-CENTRAL INSTITUTE OF FRESHWATER AQUACULTURE
(Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
Hesserghatta Lake Post Bangalore Karnataka
I. Brief history of the RRC, Bangalore
The association of ICAR-CIFA with Inland fisheries activities in Karnataka predates its own existence, as its origins date back to the Lacustrine division and the Tank fisheries Unit of CIFRI at Tungabadhra dam near Hospet during 1960s. Complete limnology of the Tungabadhra reservoir and the monumental publication ‘Tank fisheries of Karnataka’ were published during this period. The AICRP on Air-breathing fishes was operational at Shimoga and later Bangalore during the 1970s. In 1987, the CIFRI was bifurcated into the present CIFA and CIFRI (initially CICFRI). The present 30 acre campus of CIFA at Hesarghatta in the outskirts of Bangalore, is a sterling example of co-operation between Central and State government and was leased from the State government in 1989, for 30 years to the Institute for the construction of a Fish Farm and Laboratory Complex and infrastructural facilities were slowly built up over the years . The Centre currently has facilities for aquaculture, Nutrition, Physiology, Parasitology and Post-harvest technology research, Wet laboratory and Hatchery complex with a Fish farm in 18 acres consisting of 6.01 ha earthen ponds, many smaller ponds of 0.01ha dimension and Cement Cisterns.
II. Staff list
Dr. Hema Prasanth (Principal Scientist)
Dr. Gangadhar B (Principal Scientist)
Sri Raghavendra C. H.
III. Focal Research Areas
- Facilitation for aquaculture of Pulchellus/B.carnaticus of peninsular region to augment the culture basket of aquaculture systems
- Stock enhancement of the endangered Pulchellus/B.carnaticus in the Peninsular river systems.
- Optimum and nutrient efficient fertilization strategy for sustained plankton production at all seasons for Peninsular region.
- Enhanced Carp seed production using recirculatory systems with harvested rainwater and conservation of water resource.
- Development of control strategies against important pathogens of peninsular carps under culture
IV. Future Thrust areas
- Conservation and propagation of peninsular carps and greater diversification of cultivated species.
- Enhancement of nutrient conversion efficiency for higher pond productivity in the peninsular region
- Increasing aquaculture production by better aquatic animal health management practices in freshwater fish species of peninsular region.
V. Technologies/Products/Training programmes
- Breeding and seed rearing technology of the threatened carp Puntius carnaticus, the Karnataka State Fish
- Breeding and seed rearing technology of the Endangered carp Hyselobarbus pulchellus.
- Repeat breeding of Labeo fimbriatus
- Labeo fimbriatus as a diversified carps species for Aquaculture.
- Onfarm Pellet feed production technology using locally available feed ingredients
- Periphyton technology for seed rearing and grow out culture of Labeo fimbriatus
- Utilization of Azolla in the diet for seed rearcing of cultivable carps
- Set of control measures for the anchor worm (Lernaea) based both on chemicals, herbal extracts and cultural practices.
- ‘Fish crackers’ preparation from small and medium sized fish and Quality improvement of dried small indigenous freshwater fishes (SIFFS).
2. Annual Training Programs
- Induced Breeding and Seed Prduction of Carps
- Feed and Feeding Practices in Freshwater Aquaculture
- Health Management of Ornamental and cultivable fish
- Grow out Culture of Carps
VI. Significant Achievements in last five years
- Life cycle of the fish external parasite Lernaea (anchor worm) including all stages completely elucidated in the laboratory.
- Set of control measures for the anchor worm (Lernaea) based both on chemicals, herbal extracts and cultural practices developed.
- Endangered carp Hypselobarbu pulchellus was successfully bred by induced breeding from captive populations using pituitary and ovaprim induction and larvae reared to adult stage.
- Puntius carnaticus, the state fish of Karnataka has been successfully bred by induced breeding from captive populations using ovatide and the first generation broodstock developed.
- Compatibility of Hyselobarbus pulchellus polyculture with Catla catla demonstrated in pond culture. Both species benefit by rearing under polyculture conditions.
- Life-cycle of the external parasite fish lice (Argulus siamensis) elucidated in laboratory.
- R.P. based Chinese eco-hatchery demonstrated and popularized in Karnataka and Kerala
- Fingerlings of the Fringe lipped carp, fimbriatus ranched in several seasonal tanks of Chikkaballapur and Kunigal districts.
- Interference by high alkalinity of tube well water in hatchery waters successfully overcome by dilution with rain water. Thus high alkalinity water made suitable for breeding and hatching used in recirculatory mode effecting enormous water savings in hatchery operations.
- Periphyton technology for seed rearing and grow out culture of Labeo fimbriatus with reduced feed inputs.
- Many externally funded projects from DBT, RKVY and Outreach activity project on Fish Nutrition and Nutrient Profiling of Fish are in operation at the centre
- Establishment of a FRP hatchery at Karapuzha ,Wayanad, Kerala and Training of Tribal fishermen in Induced Breeding and Seed Production of Carp.