Fish Nutrition & Physiology Division



Fish Nutrition & Physiology Division

Mandate

  • Study the feeding behavior, nutrient requirements and development of feeds for different life stages of freshwater fish and shellfish
  • Study the physiological mechanism of reproduction, digestion, energy metabolism and stress in freshwater species


Thrust areas

  • Macro and micronutrients requirements for various life stages of commercially important freshwater fishes
  • Larval, grow-out and broodstock nutrition
  • Development of feeds and feeding protocols for freshwater fishes
  • Development and evaluation of alternative feeds for aquaculture sustainability
  • Nutrigenomic studies in fish
  • Functional feed additive/nutraceuticals for growth and health in freshwater fishes
  • Development of feed processing technology for improving the feeds and nutrients efficiency
  • Nutrient profiling of culture and wild fish
  • Reproductive physiology in fishes
  • Climate change impacts and mitigation strategy
  • Nutrient profiling of culture and wild fish

Scientific Staff

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Dr. Shiba Shankar Giri

Principal Scientist & Head

Lipid nutrition and Fish oil replacement, Micronutrients interactions, Nutrigenomics,
Farm-made feeds in aquaculture

Shiba.Giri@icar.gov.in

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Dr. Kedar Nath Mohanta

Principal Scientist

Feeding strategy in aquaculture, Protein and amino acid nutrition

Kedar.Mohanta@icar.gov.in

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Dr. Krushna Chandra Das

Principal Scientist

Feed processing and feed technology

Krushna.Das@icar.gov.in


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Dr. Suresh Chandra Rath

Principal Scientist

Non-conventional feed uses in aquaculture

Suresh.Rath@icar.gov.in


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Dr. Ashis Saha

Principal Scientist

Climate change and reproductive physiology, Nutrigenomics

Ashis.Saha@icar.gov.in

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Dr. Siddaiah G. M.

Scientist

Alternative protein sources and metabolism, Functional feed additives

Siddaiah.GM@icar.gov.in

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Ms. Rakhi Kumari

Scientist

Nutrient digestion and digestive enzyme, Ontogeny of digestive systems

Rakhi.Kumari@icar.gov.in

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Nitish Kumar Chandan

Scientist

Nutrition and feeding of air breathing fishes

Nitish.Chandan@icar.gov.in

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Technical Staff

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Santosh Kumar Nayak

Technical Officer

Santosh.Nayak@icar.gov.in

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Arun Kumar Behera

Technical Assistant

Aruna.Behera@icar.gov.in

Services offered

  • Feed formulation, feed preparation and feeding demonstrations to farmers
  • Classroom and off campus training to the stakeholders
  • Feed analysis for government departments, research institutions and private entrepreneurs
  • Feed production and supply

Infrastructure/units

  • National Feed Testing and Referral Laboratory
  • Nutrient Digestibility study lab
  • Climatology laboratory
  • Extruder Feed Mill
  • Feed evaluation facility (Wet labs and ponds)
  • Protein and Amino Acid lab
  • Lipid and Fatty acid lab
  • Mineral lab
  • Vitamin lab
  • Energy Metabolism Laboratory
  • Feed Evaluation lab
  • Fish Physiology Laboratory
  • Nutrigenomics Laboratory


List of On-going Institute Projects

# Project Title PI Duration
01 Effect of heat stress on the reproductive function of rohu and its amelioration strategy A. Saha 2017-21
02 Solid State Fermentation (SSF) of mahua oil cake as fish feed ingredient for Indian Major Carps (IMC) K. C. Das 2019-22
03 Enhancing larval survivability of climbing perch through dietary intervention Nitish Ku. Chandan 2019-22


List of On-going Externally Funded Projects

# Project Title PI Duration Funding Source
01 Upscaling and demonstration of nursery and grow out carp feeds developed by ICAR-CIFA, Bhubaneswar K. C. Das 2018-21 NFDB
02 Regulatory roles of kisspeptin and neurokinin B in gonadal maturation of farmed carp Labeo rohita Ashis Saha 2018-21 Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)


Salient Achievements:

  • Studied the nutrient requirements and developed feeds for larval, grow-out and bloodstock of Indian Major Carps, catfishes and freshwater
    prawn.
  • Unconventional feed ingredients are identified, screened, detoxified and sustainable aquafeeds are developed through different processing
    technologies.
  • Studied the nutrient-gene interactions in polyunsaturated fatty acids metabolism and developed exclusive plant ingredient-based feeds,
    replacing fishmeal and fish oil in carp diets
  • Region specific farm-made feeds developed for freshwater aquaculture to reduce feed cost
  • Identified/developed a number of feed additives and evaluated in fish feeds
  • Developed Feed Standards for carps, catfish and prawn through Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) and ICAR
  • Developed offseason breeding techniques for carps through photo-thermal manipulation, for round the year seed production


Products

  • CIFABROODTM (Carp broodstock feed)
  • CIFACA (Carp grow-out feed)
  • CIFAMA (Magur fingerling feed)
  • Starter M (Magur larval feed)
  • Starter Pangas (Pangas larval feed)
  • Pangas grow-I (Pangas fry feed)
  • Pangas grow-II (Pangas fingerling feed)
  • Pangas grow-out floating feed
  • GRAM-CA-FEED (Grow-out farm-made feed for carp)
  • Carp nursery (fry) feed
  • Floating carp feed


Intellectual property (IP) developed:

IP Title Patentee Status Description
Patent A method and an apparatus for developing gonadal maturity in carp Indian Council of Agricultural Research Granted Patent number: 275820
Date of Grant: 22.09.2016
Trademark CIFABROODTM Indian Council of Agricultural Research Granted and commercialized Number: 1792420
Date of Grant: 05.03.2009
# Title Journal Authors Year
Influence of a diet containing plant ingredients at different levels on growth performance, carcass biochemical composition, and blood parameters in Indian major carps grown in polyculture earthen ponds Tropical Animal Health and Production.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-02184-7 Pradhan, C., Giri, S.S., Mohanty, T.K. and Mohanty, S.N 2020
Effects of dietary α‐linolenic acid/linoleic acid ratio on growth performance, tissue fatty acid profile, serum metabolites and Δ6 fadand elovl5 gene expression in silver barb (Puntius gonionotus) Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.10177 Nayak, M., Giri, S.S., Pradhan, A., Samanta, M. and Saha, A 2019
Seasonal Variations in Proximate Composition of Nine Freshwater Fish Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 36 (1): 65-72. doi: 10.5958/2231-6744.2019.00011.2 Paul, B.N., Bhowmick, S., Singh, P., Chanda, S., Sridhar, N. and Giri, S.S 2019
Effect of feeding frequency on growth, feed utilization and cannibalism in climbing perch, Anabas testudineus (Bloch 1792) fry Indian Journal of Fisheries, 66: 106-111 Dash, L., Kumar, R., Mohanta, K.N., Mohanty, U.L., Pillai, B.R. and Sundaray, J.K 2019
A Nursery Feed for Indian Major Carps (Labeo rohita) and its Evaluation in Farmer's Field Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 36 (4): 377-381 Das, KC, Mohanta, KN, Nayak, SK, Mohanty, S, Sahoo, PK, Swain, P 2019
Evaluation of Dhaincha seed (Sesbania aculeate) as a Non-conventional feed ingredient for Labeo rohita (Ham.) fry International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 6(2):272-279 Nayak, K.C., Rath, S.C., Giri, S.S. and Mohanta, K.N 2018
Influence of dietary lipid levels on growth, nutrient utilization, tissue fatty acid composition and desaturase gene expression in silver barb (Puntius gonionotous) fingerlings Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B 226: 18–25 Nayaka ,M., Saha, A., Pradhan, A., Samanta, M., Mohantya, T. K., Giri, S. S 2018
Nutritional Values of Minor carps SAARC J Agri. 16(1): 215-231. DOI: Paul, B.N., Bhowmick, S., Chanda, S., Sridhar, N. and Giri, S.S 2018
Nutrient Profile of five Freshwater Fish Species SAARC J Agri. 16(2): 25-41. DOI: Paul, B.N., Bhowmick, S., Chanda, S., Sridhar, N. and Giri, S.S 2018
Effect of Different Feeding Levels of Plant-ingredient-based Feed on Fillet Fatty Acid Profile, Carcass Trait, and Sensory Characteristics of Indian Major Carps in Earthen Pond Polyculture Journal of the World Aquaculture Society Pradhan, C., Giri, S. S., Mohanty, S. N 2018
Gonadotropin receptors of Labeo rohita: Cloning and characterization of full length cDNAs and their expression analysis during annual reproductive cycle General and Comparative Endocrinology,263: 21–31 Pradhan, A. Nayak, M., Samanta, M., Panda, R.P., Rath, S.C., Giri, S. S., Saha, A 2018
Potentiality of new feed ingredients for Aquaculture: A Review Agricultural Reviews. 39(4): 282-291 Singh, P., Paul,B.N. and Giri, S.S 2018
Molecular characterization, tissue distribution and differential nutritional regulation of putative Elovl5 elongase in silver barb (Puntius gonionotus) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 217: 27-39 Nayak, M., Pradhan, A., Giri, S. S., Samanta, M., Konkimalla, V. B 2018
Effect of Extrusion Temperature on Quality of Carp Floating Feed Prepared from Local Feed Resources Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 18 (1), 117-123 KC Das, KN Mohanta, SK Nayak, T Mohanty, S Toppo, P SwainK 2018
Dietary fish oil replacement by linseed oil: Effect on growth, nutrient utilization, tissue fatty acid composition and desaturase gene expression in silver barb (Puntius gonionotus) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 205: 1–12 Nayak, M., Saha, A., Pradhan, A, Samanta, M., Giri, S. S 2017
Evaluation of mahua oilcake (Bassia latifoliaRoxb.) as a non-conventional feed ingredient for Labeo rohita (Ham.) fingerlings Indian J. Fish., 64(2): 33-39 Rath, S.C., K.C. Nayak, T.K. Mohanty, C. Devaraj, N. K. Chandan, K.N. Mohanta and S.S. Giri 2017
Evaluation of processed rain tree (Samanea saman) pod meal as a non-conventional ingredient in the diet of Catla catla fry Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 17: 323-332 Rath S. C., K. Mohanta, K. C. Nayak, C. Pradhan, T.K.Mohanty, S. Sarkar and S. S. Giri 2017
Evaluation of polanga (Calophylum innophylum) oil cake as a non-conventional ingredient in Labeo rohita (Ham.) fingerling feed Indian J. Fish., 64 (special issue): 75-82 Rath S.C., K.C. Nayak, C. Pradhan, T.K.Mohanty, S. Sarkar, S.Toppo, and S.S. Giri 2017
Nutrient profile of indian climbing perch, Anabas testudineus SAARC J. Agri., 15(1): 99-109 Paul, B. N., Chanda, S., Bhowmick, S., Sridhar, N., Saha, G.S., Giri, S. S 2017
Incorporation of ghee residue as a feed ingredient for Labeo rohita Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 17: 127-136 Singh, P., Paul, B.N., Rana, G.C., Mandal, R.N., Chakrabarti, P.P., Giri, S.S 2017
Effect of Dietary Iron Level on Growth Performance and Enzyme Activity in Rohu (Labeo rohita Hamilton) Fingerlings Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 34 (2): 224-228 Chanda, S., Samanta, A., Paul, B.N., Ghosh, K., Giri, S.S 2017
Feeding pattern, metabolic status and milk composition of Chilika buffaloes in their natural habitat Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 87 (5): 610–618 Mohanty, S., Panda, N., Panigrahi, B., Swain, R. K.,Dash, S. K., Mishra, A., Giri, S. S 2017
Farm-made feed polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) rich carp production in India: A case study SAARC J. Agri., 15 (2): 45-55 Paul, B. N., Giri, S. S., Chanda, S, Rath, S. C. and Datta, A. K 2017
Effect of restricted feeding and refeeding on compensatory growth, nutrient utilization and gain, production performance and whole-body composition of carp cultured in earthen pond Aquaculture Nutrition, 23(3):460-469 Mohanta, KN., Rath, SC., Nayak, KC., Pradhan, C., Mohanty, TK., Giri, SS 2017
Effect of dietary incorporation of fish/prawn meal on performance of Catla catla (Hamilton) during nursery phase Indian J. Fish., 64(1): 44-48 Kamble, SP., Das, PC., Parida, KC., Mohanta, KN 2017
Evaluation of nutritionally enhanced feed through microbial fermentation on growth and survival of fingerlings of Labeo rohita (Hamilton) International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 5(4): 458-462 Nayak, AP., Misra, SK., Nanda, S., Mohanta, KN., Satpathy, D., Mishra, RN., Siddaiah, GM 2017
Molecular characterization of two kiss genes and their expression in rohu ( Labeo rohita) during annual reproductive cycle Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 191:135-145 Saha, A., Pradhan, A, Sengupta, S., Nayak, M., Samanta, M., Sahoo, L., Giri, S. S 2016
Dietary micronutrients and in vivo n-3 LC-PUFA biosynthesis in Atlantic salmon Aquaculture 452: 416–425 Giri, S. S.; Graham, J., Hamid, N.K. A., Donald, J. A. and Turchini,G.M 2016
Proximate, mineral and vitamin contents of Indian Major Carp Ind. J. Anim. Nutr., 33(1): 102-107 Paul, B.N., S. Chanda, N. Sridhar, G.S. Saha, and S.S. Giri 2016
Evaluation of Jute Leaf as feed ingredient for Labeo rohita Ind. J. Anim. Nutr., 33(2): 203-207 Singh, P., B.N. Paul, G. Rana, and S.S. Giri 2016
Fatty acid, Amino acid and Vitamin composition of Indian Catfish, Magur (Clarias batrachus) and Singhi (Heteropneustes fossilis) SAARC Journal of Agriculture, 14(2): 189-199 Paul, B.N., S. Chanda, N. Sridhar, G.S. Saha, and S.S. Giri 2016
Seasonal Variation in Proximate and Mineral Composition of Koi, (Anabas testudineus, Bloch 1792) Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology15: 465-470 Paul, B.N., Chanda, S., Das, S., Sridhar, N., Saha, G.S. and Giri, S.S 2015
Evaluation of Plant-based Attractants in the Diets of Labeo rohita Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology 15: 289-294 Paul, B.N. and Giri, S.S 2015
Fatty Acid Profile of Indian Major Carp Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 32 (2): 221-226 Paul, B.N., Chanda, S., Sridhar, N., Saha, G.S. and Giri,S.S 2015
Fatty Acid Profile of Fillet and Liver and Proximate Composition of Puntius gonionotus and Puntius Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 32 (4): 433-438 Nayak, M., Saha, A., Giri, S. S 2015
Fresh Water Aquaculture Nutrition Research in India. A Review Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 32 (2): 113-125 Paul, B. N. and Giri, S. S 2015
Dietary essentiality of trace minerals in aquaculture: A Review Agricultural Review, 36 (2) 2015 : 100-112 Chanda, S., Paul, B.N., Ghosh, K. and Giri, S.S 2015
Evaluation of Ghee Residue as Feed ingredient for Labeo rohita Indian J. Anim. Nutr., 32 (l): l0l- 107 Singh, P., Paul, B.N. Ranar, G.C, Mandal R.N., Chakrabarti, P.P. and Giri, S. S 2015
Protein requirement of IR- Jayanti (Labeo rohita) fingerlings J. Fish. Aquat. Stud., 3(2):324-330 S Sarkar, S N Mohanty, KC Nayak, C Pradhan, KN Mohanta, C Devaraj 2015
Cost effective floating feeds for Indian Major Carps (IMC) by replacement of soyabean meal with alternative feed ingredients Indian Journal of Animal Research. Print ISSN:0367-6722 / Online ISSN:0976-0555 Das, K.C., Toppo, S., Mohanty, T. K., Pradhan, C., Giri, S. S 2015
Proximate and mineral composition of Magur (Clarias batrachus) and Singhi (Heteropneustes fossilis) Indian J. Anim. Nutr. 32 (4): 453-456 Paul,B.N.,S. Chanda, N. Sridhar, G.S. Saha,. and S.S. Giri 2015
Larval age at stocking, growth, and survival during fingerling production of the endangered sun catfish, Horabagrus brachysoma Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 27:2, 144-149 Sahoo, S. K., Giri, S. S., Paramanik, M., Ferosekhan. S 2015